There are still controversies between the concepts of Life after death or the existence of ‘Soul’ after a person’s death. To whichever notion we stick, at the end we all follow up our own tradition and culture. Hindu society has an important concept called ‘Tharpanam’ which means offering done to the departed souls to satisfy them. Once a life leaves this world, it is believed to remain in the plane of earth until and unless the necessary rituals are done to make it reach heavenly abode. Have a look on the real meaning of Tharpanam along with its necessity to be carried out…
What is Amavasya Tharpanam???
The ‘Tharpanam’ offered during Amavasya is called ‘Amavasya Tharpanam’. Tharpanam word is derived from Sanskrit word ‘Thrip’ which means to please. It consists of two parts- (i) Pitru Tharpanam (ii) Karunya Tharpanam. Pitru means Ancestors. So the offering done in order to satisfy our ancestors including parents, grandparents or forefathers etc is called Pitru Tharpanam. Karunya Tharpanam is performed for the departed souls from our relatives, friends, animals or any creatures. People who die are believed to live in any of the 3 lokas i.e. Pitru Loka, Dev Loka or Vaikunta Loka. Some even get salvation by merging with God. Pitru Loka is categorized by three Pitru Devas Vasu, Rudra and Adhitya who receive our oblations and make them reach our ancestors. It in turn helps to get blessings from them. Amavasya or New Moon day is believed to be the portion of Moon where our ancestors reside and is known as Pitru Loka. On this day this portion is exposed and our offerings are accepted.
What are its Purpose and Benefits???
1) Ancestors solely depend on their progeny to feed them. So during Tharpanam they satisfy themselves and bless us with peaceful life.
2) Lord Yama is the God of death. Tharpanam also helps to please Lord Yama and removes any major unforeseen accidents.
3) The family remains under protection coverage and all the obstacles, ill-fate are avoided.
4) The departed souls attain Moksha by during Tharpanam.
5) Our present and coming generation will be blessed with longevity, intelligence, prosperity and success.
How it is performed???
Darba grass, plate made of brass, wood or copper, white or black sesame seeds, clean water etc are the things needed to do Tharpanam. The person is made to sit facing east direction. Pavitram is made to be worn in the ring finger of the right hand. Black sesame seeds are used by males and white are used by females. Tharpanam is arranged in grid, where 1st three grid are offered to paternal male ancestors, next three are offered to paternal female ancestors, 7 to 9 are offered to maternal male ancestors and last 3 blocks are offered to maternal female ancestors. After placing darba grass in each block of grid, prayers are offered to ancestors to be present in the Tharpana grid. Only fatherless sons are eligible to do the Tharpanam.
If you are not sure with the procedure or steps to be followed in Tharpanam, our service is happy to serve you any time. Our priest will guide you in concluding the Tharpanam step by step under utmost serenity and pious environment. It is always better to satisfy the dead ones from the curses and get blessed from our ancestors. So never rethink to opt our service and fulfill all your spiritual debts making your life complete with the blessings of our forefathers!